Standardisation

THE STANDARDS   The standard is a guarantee of the protection of the installation and of the users as well as of the comfort of management, use and evolution of the facility. Its application means safety for people and property. All electrical installations, new or renovated must be compliant with the standard.   FISUEL HAS A TECHNICAL LIAISON PARTNERSHIP WITH CENELEC (CLC/TC64, ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS AND PROTECTION AGAINST ELECTRIC SHOCK).   ORGANISATION OF STANDARDISATION AROUND THE WORLD   Who is in charge of making international standards The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is the leading global organization that prepares and publishes international standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies. Through its members, the IEC promotes international cooperation on all questions of electrotechnical standardization and related matters, such as the assessment of conformity to standards, in the fields of electricity, electronics and related technologies.   Preparation stages for standards An international standard is a document set up by consensus, approved by the national committees members of the committee in charge, the " committee draft for vote ", then becoming a " final draft international standard ", before its publication. The adoption by a country of an international standard, whether member of the IEC or not, is completely left to its own decision. Some 179 technical committees (TCs) and subcommittees (SCs), carry out the standards work of the IEC. A proposal for new work generally originates from industry via a National Committee. It is communicated to the members of the appropriate TC or SC accompanied by a form. A simple majority vote of members on the interest of studying the proposal takes place within three months. If the result is positive and a minimum of four members undertake to participate actively in the work and nominate experts, a work programme together with a project plan including target dates is set up. During this phase a Working Draft (WD) is prepared At this point the document is submitted to the National Committees as a committee draft (CD) for comment. Before passing to the approval stage, the bilingual Committee Draft for Vote (CDV) is submitted to all National Committees for a five-month voting period. It is the last stage at which technical comments can be taken into consideration. The CDV is considered as approved if: - a majority of two thirds of the votes cast by P-members is in favour; - and if the number of negative votes cast by all National Committees does not exceed one quarter of  all the votes cast. A revised version is then sent by the secretary to the Central Office within four months for Final Draft International Standard (FDIS) processing. The FDIS is then circulated to the National Committees for a two-month voting period. Each National Committee's vote must be explicit: positive, negative or abstention. An FDIS is approved in the same conditions as the CDV.   NB: - Those standards are then the basis for the european and national standardisations, and as references in international calls for tenders; - EC's international standards facilitate world trade by removing technical barriers to trade; - IEC's standards are vital since they also represent the core of the World Trade Organization's Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), whose 100-plus central government members explicitly recognize that international standards play a critical role in improving industrial efficiency and developing world trade.

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